Select Page

How Oracle DBAs Can Use AWS DMS for Data Migration

Author: Ozwen Coelho | 7 min read | June 19, 2024

AWS Database Migration Service (DMS) is a popular tool for migrating databases and Extract, Transform, Load (ETL) processing. It plays a very crucial role for Change Data Capture (CDC).

 It’s important for DBAs to understand the lifecycle process of AWS DMS and performing the necessary changes in Oracle Database.

Let’s learn how to capture data from Oracle Database using DMS and then push it to an AWS Simple Storage Service (S3) bucket.

Preparing Oracle Database for the AWS DMS Service

The database must be in archive log mode. DMS uses Log Miner to read information from the archive logs so that AWS DMS can capture changes.

Enable supplement logging at the database level and alter the database to add supplemental log data.

Enable identification key supplement log data and alter the database to add supplemental log data (primary key) columns.

Enable supplement logging at the table level.

alter table table_name add supplemental log data (PRIMARY KEY) columns;

If the primary key is not there on the table, then there are two options:

  • Add supplemental logging to all columns involved in the first unique index on the table (sorted by index name) || ALTER TABLE table_name ADD SUPPLEMENTAL LOG GROUP example_log_group (State,Country) ALWAYS;.
  • Add supplemental logging to all columns of table || alter table table_name add supplemental log data (ALL) columns.

It’s advisable to configure a separate database account that will be responsible for connecting to the database from AWS DMS with the below privileges.

CREATE SESSION

SELECT ANY TRANSACTION

SELECT on V_$ARCHIVED_LOG

SELECT on V_$LOG

SELECT on V_$LOGFILE

SELECT on V_$DATABASE

SELECT on V_$THREAD

SELECT on V_$PARAMETER

SELECT on V_$NLS_PARAMETERS

SELECT on V_$TIMEZONE_NAMES

SELECT on V_$TRANSACTION

SELECT on ALL_INDEXES

SELECT on ALL_OBJECTS

SELECT on ALL_TABLES

SELECT on ALL_USERS

SELECT on ALL_CATALOG

SELECT on ALL_CONSTRAINTS

SELECT on ALL_CONS_COLUMNS

SELECT on ALL_TAB_COLS

SELECT on ALL_IND_COLUMNS

SELECT on ALL_LOG_GROUPS

SELECT on SYS.DBA_REGISTRY

SELECT on SYS.OBJ$

SELECT on DBA_TABLESPACES

SELECT on ALL_TAB_PARTITIONS

SELECT on ALL_ENCRYPTED_COLUMNS

Special privilege to capture and apply changes (CDC)

EXECUTE on DBMS_LOGMNR

SELECT on V_$LOGMNR_LOGS

SELECT on V_$LOGMNR_CONTENTS

Configuring a Replication Instance

Login to the AWS console (appropriate permissions to access AWS DMS is required) and search for AWS DMS service.

Click on replication instance and then create the replication instance. The proper Instance class/VPC/Multi-AZ/Storage should be used as per the expected workload.

Configure Source Endpoint

This is the point that the data is extracted from. In this case, it’s Oracle database.

Login to the AWS console (appropriate permissions to access AWS DMS is required) and search for AWS DMS service.

Click on endpoints and then select create endpoint.

Endpoint type :  Source

Endpoint Identifier : Enter an identifier for Oracle endpoint. The identifier for endpoint must be unique within an AWS Region.

Source Engine :  oracle

Server name : Oracle Host Name/Ip address

Port : port on which database is listening for connections

Username :

Password :

Create S3 Bucket

Login to the AWS console (appropriate permissions to access AWS DMS is required) and search for AWS S3.

Create Bucket

Create an IAM policy

Login to the AWS console and search for Policies.

Click on Create policy, and then choose JSON.

Add an IAM policy like the below example (Modify the bucket name):

Click on Review policy, specify Name and Description, and then choose Create policy.

Create a Role

Login to the AWS console and search for Roles.

Click Create role, select DMS, and then choose Next: Permissions.

In the Create role pane, in the Search field, choose the policy that you created, and then choose Next: tags.

Click Next: Review.

Enter a Role name and a Role description.

Click Create role. Note the Role ARN.

Configure Target Endpoint

The target endpoint is the point to where data will be written. In our case its an AWS S3 bucket.

Login to the AWS console (appropriate permissions to access AWS DMS is required) and search for Aws DMS service.

Click on endpoints and then select create endpoint.

Endpoint type:  Target

Endpoint Identifier: Enter an identifier for S3 endpoint. The identifier for endpoint must be unique within an AWS Region.

Target Engine:  Amazon S3

Role ARN: Service Access Role ARN used for DMS task.

Bucket name:

Bucket Folder:

Configure the Data Migration Task

Login to the AWS console (appropriate permissions to access AWS DMS is required) and search for AWS DMS service.

Click on DMS migration task and then create task.

Task name: Descriptive name

Task description: Description for the task

Source endpoint: Oracle Source endpoint name.

Target endpoint: S3 target endpoint name

Replication instance: Select the replication instance created.

Migration type: Migrate existing data and replicate ongoing changes.

Target table preparation mode: Do nothing

Enable logging: Default logging.

Start task on create: Start task immediately.

Table Mapping: Mention table name (use JSON format for multiple tables with transformation rule i.e., adding additional columns)

Migrating your Oracle database to an AWS S3 bucket via AWS DMS requires careful steps, from setting up supplemental logging and configuring database account privileges to creating source and target endpoints, and finally, executing the migration task. It’s crucial to ensure all configurations, including replication instances, IAM policies, roles, and endpoint settings are done correctly for a smooth migration. By following the outlined process, organizations can efficiently and securely move their database to the cloud with AWS DMS, taking advantage of AWS’s scalability, flexibility, and cost-efficiency.

Talk to our Oracle database and AWS experts about your database migration needs.

Subscribe to Our Blog

Never miss a post! Stay up to date with the latest database, application and analytics tips and news. Delivered in a handy bi-weekly update straight to your inbox. You can unsubscribe at any time.

Work with Us

Let’s have a conversation about what you need to succeed and how we can help get you there.

CONTACT US

Work for Us

Where do you want to take your career? Explore exciting opportunities to join our team.

EXPLORE JOBS