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InnoDB tablespace fragmentation (find it and fix it!)

Mike Hamrick | | October 22, 2010

If you frequently delete rows (or update rows with variable-length data types), you can end up with a lot of wasted space in your data file(s), similar to filesystem fragmentation.

If you’re not using the innodb_file_per_table option, the only thing you can do about it is export and import the database, a time-and-disk-intensive procedure.

But if you are using innodb_file_per_table, you can identify and reclaim this space!

Prior to 5.1.21, the free space counter is available from the table_comment column of information_schema.tables. Here is some SQL to identify tables with at least 100M (actually 97.65M) of free space:

SELECT table_schema, table_name, table_comment FROM information_schema.tables WHERE engine LIKE 'InnoDB' AND table_comment RLIKE 'InnoDB free: ([0-9]{6,}).*';

Starting with 5.1.21, this was moved to the data_free column (a much more appropriate place):

SELECT table_schema, table_name, data_free/1024/1024 AS data_free_MB FROM information_schema.tables WHERE engine LIKE 'InnoDB' AND data_free > 100*1024*1024;

You can reclaim the lost space by rebuilding the table. The best way to do this is using ‘alter table’ without actually changing anything:

ALTER TABLE foo ENGINE=InnoDB;

This is what MySQL does behind the scenes if you run ‘optimize table’ on an InnoDB table. It will result in a read lock, but not a full table lock. How long it takes is completely dependent on the amount of data in the table (but not the size of the data file). If you have a table with a high volume of deletes or updates, you may want to run this monthly, or even weekly.

12c Upgrade Bug with SQL Tuning Advisor

This blog post outlines steps to take on Oracle upgrade 11.2 to 12.1 if you’re having performance problems. Oracle offers a patch and work around to BUG 20540751.

Megan Elphingstone | March 22, 2017

Oracle EPM Cloud Vs. On-Premises: What’s the Difference?

EPM applications help measure the business performance. This post will help you choose the best EPM solutions for your organization’s needs and objectives.

Bobby Ellis | April 10, 2018
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Recover a Table from an RMAN Backup in an Oracle 12c

This blog post will is to show a table restore for one table in a container database

Megan Elphingstone | February 2, 2017

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